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The objective of this work is to validate a fast and reliable 4D-based adaptive treatment planning procedure for the Radiation Oncology clinic. A non-rigid B-Spline based registration is performed between CT scans at different respiratory phases. Radiotherapy contours drawn on a reference phase are than propagated to the target phase. We present results from two novel validation methods: a validation study using a 4D anthropomorphic computational phantom, and a patient data analysis comparing auto-rater versus inter-rater variability. For the phantom study, the overlap was greater than 90%, while the diameter variation was 5.1% at exhale and 3.4% at inhale. For the patient dataset, pairwise auto-rater Dice coefficient values exceeded inter-rater values for 9 of 15 structures. Though subject to inaccuracies caused by residual motion artifacts, and manual contouring variations, the reliability of the method suggests it could be soon introduced in the clinical practice.
Date of Conference: June 28 2009-July 1 2009