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94 GHz Dual-Reflector Antenna With Reflectarray Subreflector

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8 Author(s)
Wenfei Hu ; Inst. of Electron., Commun. & Inf. Technol., Queen''s Univ. of Belfast, Belfast, UK ; Arrebola, M. ; Cahill, R. ; Encinar, J.A.
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The design, construction and measured performance is described of an offset parabolic reflector antenna which employs a reflectarray subreflector to tilt the focused beam from the boresight direction at 94 GHz. An analysis technique based on the method of moments (MoM) is used to design the dual-reflector antenna. Numerical simulations were employed to demonstrate that the high gain pattern of the antenna can be tilted to a predetermined angle by introducing a progressive phase shift across the aperture of the reflectarray. Experimental validation of the approach was made by constructing a 28 times 28 element patch reflectarray which was designed to deflect the beam 5deg from the boresight direction in the azimuth plane. The array was printed on a 115 mum thick metal backed quartz wafer and the radiation patterns of the dual reflector antenna were measured from 92.6-95.5 GHz. The experimental results are used to validate the analysis technique by comparing the radiation patterns and the reduction in the peak gain due to beam deflection from the boresight direction. Moreover the results demonstrate that this design concept can be developed further to create an electronically scanned dual reflector antenna by using a tunable reflectarray subreflector.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 10 )