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Quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) has been widely considered as a replacement candidate for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS). The fundamental logic device in QCA is the majority gate. In this paper, we propose an efficient methodology for majority logic synthesis of arbitrary Boolean functions. We prove that our method provides a minimal majority expression and an optimal QCA layout for any given three-variable Boolean function. In order to obtain high-quality decomposed Boolean networks, we introduce a new decomposition scheme that can decompose all Boolean networks efficiently. Furthermore, our method removes all the redundancies that are produced in the process of converting a decomposed network into a majority network. In existing methods, however, these redundancies are not considered. We have built a majority logic synthesis tool based on our method and several existing logic synthesis tools. Experiments with 40 multiple-output benchmarks indicate that, compared to existing methods, 37 benchmarks are optimized by our method, up to 31.6%, 78.2%, 75.5%, and 83.3% reduction in level count, gate count, gate input count, and inverter count, respectively, is possible with the average being 4.7%, 14.5%, 13.3%, and 26.4%, respectively. We have also implemented the QCA layouts of 10 benchmarks by using our method. Results indicate that, compared to existing methods, up to 33.3%, 76.7%, and 75.5% reduction in delay, cell count, and area, respectively, is possible with the average being 8.1%, 28.9%, and 29.0%, respectively.
Date of Publication: March 2010