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A new algorithm for manipulating the radiation pattern of Electronically Steerable Array Radiator Antennas is proposed. A continuous implementation of the Ant Colony Optimisation (ACO) technique calculates the optimal impedance values of reactances loading different parasitic radiators placed in a circle around a centre antenna. By proposing a method to obtain a suitable sampling frequency of the radiation pattern for use in the optimisation algorithm and by transforming the reactance search space into the search space of associated phases, special care was taken to create a fast and reliable implementation, resulting in an approach that is suitable for real-time implementation. The authors compare their approach to analytical techniques and optimisation algorithms for calculating these reactances. Results show that the method is able to calculate near-optimal solutions for gain optimisation and side lobe reduction.
Date of Publication: July 2009