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Microcavity-enhanced electron emission from lead zirconate-titanate cathodes

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5 Author(s)
Houlahan, T.J. ; Eng. R&D Center, US Army Corps of Eng., Champaign, IL, USA ; Marsh, C.P. ; Park, S.-J. ; Masters, B.C.
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Enhanced electron emission has been observed from lead zirconate- titanate (PZT) surfaces into which arrays of microcavities have been fabricated by nanopowder blasting. Arrays of microcavities, each having an elliptical cross-sectional geometry with major and minor axis lengths of 800 and 600 ??m, respectively, and depths adjustable from 40 to 300 ??m, exhibit a pronounced dependence of the emitter electron current on microcavity depth. For electric field strengths at the emitter surface of ~5-12 V/??m, the RMS current density generated by an array of 250 ??m-deep microcavities with a packing density of 214 + 2 cm-2 ranges from ~3 mA cm-2 to beyond 8 mA cm-2, or more than a factor of five larger than that produced from a planar PZT surface.

Published in:

Electronics Letters  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 15 )