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Prediction and management in energy harvested wireless sensor nodes

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4 Author(s)
Piorno, J.R. ; DACYA, Complutense Univ. of Madrid, Madrid, Spain ; Bergonzini, C. ; Atienza, D. ; Rosing, T.S.

Solar panels are frequently used in wireless sensor nodes because they can theoretically provide quite a bit of harvested energy. However, they are not a reliable, consistent source of energy because of the Sun's cycles and the everchanging weather conditions. Thus, in this paper we present a fast, efficient and reliable solar prediction algorithm, namely, weather-conditioned moving average (WCMA) that is capable of exploiting the solar energy more efficiently than state-of-the-art energy prediction algorithms (e.g. exponential weighted moving average EWMA). In particular, WCMA is able to effectively take into account both the current and past-days weather conditions, obtaining a relative mean error of only 10%. When coupled with energy management algorithm, it can achieve gains of more than 90% in energy utilization with respect to EWMA under the real working conditions of the Shimmer node, an active sensing platform for structural health monitoring.

Published in:

Wireless Communication, Vehicular Technology, Information Theory and Aerospace & Electronic Systems Technology, 2009. Wireless VITAE 2009. 1st International Conference on

Date of Conference:

17-20 May 2009