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Varactor-loaded left handed loop antenna with reconfigurable radiation patterns

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2 Author(s)
Q. Liu ; The University of Birmingham, Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering, B15 2TT, United Kingdom ; P. S. Hall

A varactor-loaded left handed loop antenna that has reconfigurable radiation patterns is described. The loop antenna uses a left-handed transmission line which is loaded with series capacitors and shunt inductors in a number of unit cells. The two wire transmission line is formed into a loop and fed at the break in the outer loop. The antenna has eight varactors in the four unit cells. Different radiation patterns can be obtained at the same frequency with variation of capacitance of the eight varactors. A prototype antenna implemented on FR4 substrate has dimensions of 150 mm by 150 mm with a line width of 1.4 mm. The DC voltages are supplied to the varactors via the transmission lines by inserting slits in the strips. The antenna is analyzed by simulator ldquoCSTrdquo. Simulated performance is also confirmed by measurements.

Published in:

2009 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium

Date of Conference:

1-5 June 2009