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This paper presents the use of a simulator of the hydroelectric plants operation as tool for analyzing data. Two approaches are shown. In the first the simulator must reproduce the water discharge trajectory recorded by the plant. In the second the simulator's aim is reproduce the generation trajectory of a certain operation period. The two methods for analyzing data are described and the advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed. The data analysis via simulation has been applied to Brazilian hydroelectric plants which are under the coordination of the Brazilian Electric System National Operator. The results show the potential of this tool for the consistency evaluation of the data used in the hydroelectric operation planning.