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Dynamic behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

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1 Author(s)
S. F. Yu ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong

A quasi-three-dimensional dynamic model of index-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is developed. Detailed structure of Bragg reflectors and lateral optical confinement are considered into the model. A three-dimensional waveguide problem is reduced to one dimension by using the effective-index method. The dynamic response of optical field is solved by the time-domain algorithm. In addition, the lateral variation of carrier concentration, refractive index, and spontaneous-emission profile are also determined in a self consistent manner. Using this model, the influence of carrier transport and hot carriers on the dynamic behavior of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers is studied. It is found that these nonlinearities have significant influence on the relaxation-oscillation frequency and modulation bandwidth of the devices

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 7 )