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Adaptive Sampling Rate Correction for Acoustic Echo Control in Voice-Over-IP

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3 Author(s)
Pawig, M. ; Inst. of Commun. Syst. & Data Process., RWTH Aachen Univ., Aachen, Germany ; Enzner, G. ; Vary, P.

Hands-free terminals for speech communication employ adaptive filters to reduce echoes resulting from the acoustic coupling between loudspeaker and microphone. When using a personal computer with commercial audio hardware for teleconferencing, a sampling frequency offset between the loudspeaker output D/A converter and the microphone input A/D converter often occurs. In this case, state-of-the-art echo cancellation algorithms fail to track the correct room impulse response. In this paper, we present a novel least mean square (LMS-type) adaptive algorithm to estimate the frequency offset and resynchronize the signals using arbitrary sampling rate conversion. In conjunction with a normalized LMS-type adaptive filter for room impulse response tracking, the proposed system widely removes the deteriorating effects of a frequency offset up to several Hz and restores the functionality of echo cancellation.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 1 )