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In cognitive radio networks, the performance of the spectrum sensing depends on the sensing time and the fusion scheme that are used when cooperative sensing is applied. In this paper, we consider the case where the secondary users cooperatively sense a channel using the k -out-of-N fusion rule to determine the presence of the primary user. A sensing-throughput tradeoff problem under a cooperative sensing scenario is formulated to find a pair of sensing time and k value that maximize the secondary users' throughput subject to sufficient protection that is provided to the primary user. An iterative algorithm is proposed to obtain the optimal values for these two parameters. Computer simulations show that significant improvement in the throughput of the secondary users is achieved when the parameters for the fusion scheme and the sensing time are jointly optimized.