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Bit-error correction is crucial for realizing cost-effective and reliable NAND Flash-memory-based storage systems. In this paper, low-power and high-throughput error-correction circuits have been developed for multilevel cell (MLC) nand Flash memories. The developed circuits employ the Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem code to correct multiple random bit errors. The error-correcting codes for them are designed based on the bit-error characteristics of MLC NAND Flash memories for solid-state drives. To trade the code rate, circuit complexity, and power consumption, three error-correcting architectures, named as whole-page, sector-pipelined, and multistrip ones, are proposed. The VLSI design applies both algorithmic and architectural-level optimizations that include parallel algorithm transformation, resource sharing, and time multiplexing. The chip area, power consumption, and throughput results for these three architectures are presented.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: May 2010