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Gene expression is the fundamental control of the structure and functions of the cellular versatility and adaptability of any organisms. The measurement of gene expressions is performed on images generated by optical inspection of microarray devices which allow the simultaneous analysis of thousands of genes. The images produced by these devices are used to calculate the expression levels of mRNA in order to draw diagnostic information related to human disease. The quality measures are mandatory in genes classification and in the decision-making diagnostic. However, microarrays are characterized by imperfections due to sample contaminations, scratches, precipitation or imperfect gridding and spot detection. The automatic and efficient quality measurement of microarray is needed in order to discriminate faulty gene expression levels. In this paper we present a new method for estimate the quality degree and the data's reliability of a microarray analysis. The efficiency of the proposed approach in terms of genes expression classification has been demonstrated through a clustering supervised analysis performed on a set of three different histological samples related to the Lymphoma's cancer disease.
Date of Conference: 29-30 May 2009