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This paper analyzes the effects of the high-frequency resistances in saliency tracking-based sensorless control methods of permanent-magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs). A high-frequency model of the PMSM, including stator high-frequency resistance, is presented. From this model, potential sources of error in the estimated position due to the high-frequency resistances are analyzed, and their compensation by means of an adaptive decoupling mechanism is proposed. This paper also addresses the influence and compensation of temperature effects in carrier-signal-injection-based sensorless techniques.