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This paper presents an improved signal-injection-based sensorless-control method for permanent-magnet brushless AC (BLAC) motors, accounting for the influence of cross-coupling magnetic saturation between the d- and q -axes. The d- and q -axis incremental self-inductances, the incremental mutual inductance between the d-axis and q -axis, and the cross-coupling factor are determined by finite-element analysis. An experimental method is proposed for measuring the cross-coupling factor which can be used directly in the sensorless-control scheme. Both measurements and predictions show that a significant improvement in the accuracy of the rotor-position estimation can be achieved under both dynamic and steady-state operation compared with that which is obtained with the conventional signal-injection method.
Date of Publication: Sept.-oct. 2009