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Model predictive control of parabolic PDE systems with dirichlet boundary conditions via Galerkin model reduction

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2 Author(s)
Yongsheng Ou ; Dept. of Mech. Eng. & Mech., Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA, USA ; Schuster, E.

We propose a framework to solve a closed-loop, optimal tracking control problem for a parabolic partial differential equation (PDE) via diffusivity, interior, and boundary actuation. The approach is based on model reduction via proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and Galerkin projection methods. A conventional integration-by-parts approach during the Galerkin projection fails to effectively incorporate the considered Dirichlet boundary control into the reduced order model (ROM). To overcome this limitation we use a spatial discretization of the interior product during the Galerkin projection. The obtained low dimensional dynamical model is bilinear as the result of the presence of the diffusivity control term in the nonlinear parabolic PDE system. We design a closed-loop optimal controller based on a nonlinear model predictive control (MPC) scheme aimed at bating the effect of disturbances with the ultimate goal of tracking a nominal trajectory. A quasi-linear approximation approach is used to solve on-line the quadratic optimal control problem subject to the bilinear reduced-order model. Based on the convergence properties of the quasi-linear approximation algorithm, the asymptotical stability of the closed-loop nonlinear MPC scheme is discussed. Finally, the proposed approach is applied to the current profile control problem in tokamak plasmas and its effectiveness is demonstrated in simulations.

Published in:

American Control Conference, 2009. ACC '09.

Date of Conference:

10-12 June 2009