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We present a modified quasi-Yagi antenna for use in WLAN access points. The antenna uses a new microstrip-to-coplanar strip (CPS) transition, consisting of a tapered microstrip input, T-junction, conventional 50-ohm microstrip line, and three artificial transmission line (ATL) sections. The design concept, mode conversion scheme, and simulated and experimental S-parameters of the transition are discussed first. It features a compact size, and a 3dB-insertion loss bandwidth of 78.6%. Based on the transition, a modified quasi-Yagi antenna is demonstrated. In addition to the new transition, the antenna consists of a CPS feed line, a meandered dipole, and a parasitic element. The meandered dipole can substantially increase to the front-to-back ratio of the antenna without sacrificing the operating bandwidth. The parasitic element is placed in close proximity to the driven element to improve impedance bandwidth and radiation characteristics. The antenna exhibits excellent end-fire radiation with a front-to-back ratio of greater than 15 dB. It features a moderate gain around 4 dBi, and a fractional bandwidth of 38.3%. We carefully investigate the concept, methodology, and experimental results of the proposed antenna.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2009