Skip to Main Content
Rate control plays an important role in regulating the bit rate to meet the bandwidth and storage requirement. Most existing video encoders regulate the bit rate by adjusting the quantization step size. We propose to incorporate a new dimension: the quantization rounding offset into rate control. In this paper, we present a rate control algorithm with adaptive rounding offsets (ARO) that jointly adjusts the quantization step size and the rounding offset for high bit rate accuracy. Different from the quantization step size that has a limited number of choices, the rounding offset is a continuously adjustable variable that allows the rate control algorithm to reach any precision in principle. Our extensive experimental results show that the proposed ARO algorithm significantly improves the rate control accuracy at almost no extra computational complexity. Compared with the rho-domain rate control, the ARO algorithm reduces the rate control errors from about 2% to 0.5% for INTRA frames, and 5% to 1.5% for INTER frames. Our experiments also demonstrate that ARO provides the extra benefit of smoother visual quality.