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We introduce and study the localization problem in large scale underwater acoustic sensor networks. Considering that depth information is typically available for underwater sensors, we transform the 3D underwater positioning problem into its two-dimensional counterpart via a projection technique. We then introduce a localization scheme specifically designed for large scale acoustic underwater sensor networks. The proposed localization scheme does not require time-synchronization in the network. This scheme relies on time-differences of arrival (TDoA) measured locally at a sensor to detect range differences from the sensor to three anchors that can mutually hear each other. We consider variations in the speed of sound and analyze the performance of the proposed scheme in terms of the number of localized nodes, location errors, and the number of reference nodes.
Date of Conference: 22-26 June 2009