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Rubber in Vibration

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1 Author(s)
Gehman, S.D. ; The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio

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A machine is described which has been used for determining the vibration properties of various types of rubber mountings used for the isolation of mechanical vibrations. The vibrations are excited by oppositely rotating eccentric weights and are recorded on a tape. It was found that resonance curves for various types of rubber vibrations such as shear, torsion, and compression are, except for some minor deviations, adequately accounted for by the equation which contains a damping term proportional to the velocity and inversely proportional to the frequency. The apparent static modulus of rubber in compression depends upon the shape of the piece, more explicitly, on the ratio of load area to the free area. The same is true for the dynamic modulus. It was found that pieces of similar shape have identical values for the dynamic modulus and also for the internal friction. Some curves are given showing the dependence of dynamic modulus and internal friction on the shape factor. The dynamic stiffness shows the largest deviation from the static values at high shape factors. The internal friction has a linear relationship to the dynamic modulus when the shape factor is varied. This results in damping which is practically independent of the shape. The effect of temperature on the vibration properties of mounting stocks for a range -10°F to 160°F was studied and curves are included showing the temperature dependence in this range.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 6 )