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Direct instantaneous torque control (DITC) of switched reluctance machines (SRMs) using a novel 4-level converter is presented. The described DITC control strategy proposes detailed torque control regions and suitable control schemes. Using the 4-level converter, DITC can overcome voltage limitation of asymmetric converters and has a fast magnetisation and demagnetisation to improve dynamic performance and efficiency. For integrated advantages of DITC and 4-level converters, a suitable control scheme is described and analysed. Finally, the proposed DITC method of SRM drive systems using the 4-level converter is verified by simulation and comparative experiments.