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Readout Electronics Using Single-Flux-Quantum Circuit Technology for Superconducting Single-Photon Detector Array

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3 Author(s)
Hirotaka Terai ; Kobe Adv. Res. Center, Nat. Inst. of Inf. & Commun. Technol., Kobe, Japan ; Shigetoshi Miki ; Zhen Wang

Superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) based on NbN nanowires possess properties such as high counting rate, low dark count rate and small timing jitter, which are promising characteristics for a quantum key distribution system. An SSPD array has recently attracted attention, because it can provide a higher counting rate, and spatial and photon-number resolutions. We propose readout electronics using single-flux-quantum (SFQ) circuits to process a large number of output signals from an SSPD array. We designed and tested an interface circuit between an SSPD and SFQ circuit, and successfully observed SFQ pulse generation for an input pulse with a current amplitude of 17.4 ~ 36.4 muA , which is comparable with an output current amplitude of the SSPD. The interface circuit was also operational for an input pulse duration of 1.6 ns, which is shorter than the typical recovery time of the SSPD.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )