Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window

Technology and Performance of THz Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixers

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Il'in, K.S. ; Inst. for Micro- & Nanoelectronic Syst., Univ. of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany ; Stockhausen, A. ; Scheuring, A. ; Siegel, M.
more authors

Hot-electron bolometer (HEB) mixers are a complex multi-layer thin film structure containing an ultra-thin superconducting film of NbN as a detecting element and a thick normal metal layer as an antenna structure. We have optimized the fabrication process starting with ultra-thin NbN films, Au films for antenna structures and their patterning using e-beam lithography and lift-off. The coupling between normal conducting antenna and NbN detector has been improved by introducing an intermediate NbN film to reduce proximity suppression of superconductivity in the detecting element. A critical temperature of about 9.5 K is reached for NbN films with a thickness between 5 nm and 6 nm. A twofold increase of the film thickness increases the critical temperature to 12 K. We have shown that a 20 nm thick buffer layer of NbN under a much thicker Au layer is sufficient to ensure a critical temperature of the bi-layer of 9 K. This value is close to the critical temperature of 5.5 nm thick HEB devices. The noise temperature of HEB mixer made using improved technology is about 800 K and was measured in a liquid cryogen free system with a quantum cascade laser as 2.5 THz local oscillator.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

June 2009

Need Help?

IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.