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SIS Mixer Fabrication for ALMA Band10

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9 Author(s)
Kroug, M. ; Nat. Astron. Obs. of Japan, Tokyo, Japan ; Endo, A. ; Tamura, T. ; Noguchi, T.
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Band10 of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is a planned heterodyne receiver covering the frequency range 790 GHz-950 GHz. The waveguide mixers are superconductor insulator superconductor (SIS) Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb junctions integrated with NbTiN/SiO2/Al tuning circuits. Our junction definition process has been greatly simplified by introducing an inductively-coupled-plasma (ICP) etcher to the fabrication. The etching process, which employs a low-pressure CF4/O2 plasma, allows to remove the entire Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb tri-layer in a single step. SIS mixers with current densities up to 10 kA/cm2 and quality factor above 15 have been fabricated with good reproducibility. Minimum receiver noise temperature, corrected for optical losses, is 210 K at 860 GHz. With the goal to further improve the performance, optimization of circuit design and fabrication technology are discussed.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )