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Optimal reactive planning with security constraints

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6 Author(s)
W. R. Thomas ; Div. of Technol. & Sci., Nat. Grid. Co. Plc., Leatherhead, UK ; A. M. Dixon ; D. T. Y. Cheng ; R. M. Dunnett
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The National Grid Company (NGC) of England and Wales has developed a computer program, SCORPION, to help system planners optimize the location and size of new reactive compensation plant on the transmission system. The reactive power requirements of the NGC system have risen as a result of increased power flows and the shorter timescale on which power stations are commissioned and withdrawn from service. In view of the high costs involved, it is important that reactive compensation be installed as economically as possible, without compromising security. Traditional methods based on iterative use of a load flow program are labour intensive and subjective. SCORPION determines a near-optimal pattern of new reactive sources which are required to satisfy voltage constraints for normal and contingent states of operation of the transmission system. The algorithm processes the system states sequentially, instead of optimizing all of them simultaneously. This allows a large number of power system states to be considered with an acceptable run time and computer memory requirement. Installed reactive sources are treated as continuous, rather than discrete, variables. However, the program has a restart facility which enables the user to add realistically sized reactive sources explicitly and thereby work towards a realizable solution to the planning problem

Published in:

Power Industry Computer Application Conference, 1995. Conference Proceedings., 1995 IEEE

Date of Conference:

7-12 May 1995