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Tunable, short pulse hard x‐rays from a compact laser synchrotron source

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4 Author(s)
Sprangle, P. ; Beam Physics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375‐5320 ; Ting, A. ; Esarey, E. ; Fisher, A.

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A compact laser synchrotron source (LSS) is proposed as a means of generating tunable, narrow bandwidth, ultra‐short pulses of hard x rays. The LSS is based on the Thomson backscattering of intense laser radiation from a counterstreaming electron beam. Advances in both compact ultra‐intense solid‐state lasers and high brightness electron accelerators make the LSS an attractive compact source of high brightness pulsed x rays, particularly at photon energies beyond ∼30 keV. The x‐ray wavelength is λ[Å]=650 λ0[μm]/Eb2[MeV], where λ0 is the laser wavelength and Eb is the electron beam energy. For Eb=72 MeV and λ0=1 μm, x rays at λ=0.12 Å (100 keV) are generated. The spectral flux, brightness, bandwidth, and pulse structure are analyzed. In the absence of filtering, the spectral bandwidth in the LSS is typically ≲1% and is limited by electron beam emittance and energy spread. Two configurations of the LSS are discussed, one providing high peak power and the other moderate average power x rays. Using present day technology, the LSS can generate picosecond pulses of x rays consisting of ≳109 photons/pulse with a peak brightness of ≳1020 photons/s mm2 mrad2 (0.1% BW) and photon energies ranging from 50 to 1200 keV.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:72 ,  Issue: 11 )