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Free energy and emittance growth in nonstationary charged particle beams

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1 Author(s)
Reiser, Martin ; Electrical Engineering Department and Laboratory for Plasma Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742

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Charged particle beams that are not perfectly matched or centered when injected into a focusing channel (or accelerator) have a higher total transverse energy than the equivalent ideal stationary beam. The excess energy ΔE represents free energy that can cause emittance growth. A general relationship between the possible emittance growth and ΔE is derived, and analytical results are presented for nonuniform, mismatched, and off‐centered beams.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:70 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1991

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