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Consideration of component failure mechanisms in the reliability assessment of electronic equipment-addressing the constant failure rate assumption

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3 Author(s)
Mortin, D.E. ; US Army Materiael Syst. Anal., Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA ; Krolewski, J.G. ; Cushing, M.J.

The assumption of the constant failure rate can lead to excessive costs and nonoptimum design decisions. As this paper shows, simply summing constant failure rates can produce results which are highly inaccurate. Highly inaccurate results can introduce significant error in decisions made in everything from product design to logistics support requirements such as spares and maintainers. The authors argue that if a shift is made from reliability accounting tasks to reliability engineering analysis, the ability to address hazard rates versus time based on root-cause failure mechanisms will become cost-effective and can become an integral part of the concurrent engineering approach to product development. The notion of the constant failure rate should no longer be accepted as a rule. Instead, statistical distributions and assumptions must be shown to be appropriate every time they are used. Simplicity alone is not a sufficient reason to use any given methodology or approach

Published in:

Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, 1995. Proceedings., Annual

Date of Conference:

16-19 Jan 1995