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We used an integrated approach to constrain the geological structure of the Jifara Plain in northwest Libya. The analysis of surface data, including a digital elevation model (DEM), Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus images, and geologic maps, was combined with subsurface data, including well logs and magnetic data. The DEM data were used for the identification of geological lineaments in the study area. The interpretation and analysis of the lineaments indicate that the Jifara Plain is controlled by three main fault systems, trending northwest-southeast, east-west, and northeast-southwest. The three trends represent the remnants of reactivated structures that formed under the stress regimes generated during the tectonic evolution of North Africa. The magnetic data reveal three northwest- and northeast-trending sedimentary basins in the study area. The depth of the basement inside the main basin ranges from 1 to 5 km. The results indicate that the Jifara Basin is shallower than the surrounding basins. The integration of the results reflects different periods of tectonic activity in the Jifara Plain and the adjacent Jabal Nafusah.