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Impact Phenomena at High Speeds

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3 Author(s)
Van Valkenburg, M.E. ; University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Clay, Wallace G. ; Huth, J.H.

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A study of high speed, metal‐to‐metal impact in the velocity range 1 to 5 mm/μsec using ⅛‐inch diameter spherical pellets is described. Pellet materials include aluminum, magnesium, steel, brass, lead, and zinc. Experiments relating to the mechanisms of cratering and the perforation of thin targets are presented. For the ⅛‐in. diameter spherical pellets, it is found that the volume of the crater per unit energy of the impacting pellet is essentially constant for each material and that the penetration is proportional to the velocity of the pellet so long as the pellet velocity is less than the velocity of sound in the target material. An attempt to model very high speed impact by using soft wax targets in which the sonic velocity is less than the impacting velocity is outlined.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 10 )