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Determination of the Resultant Dipole of the Heart from Measurements on the Body Surface

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2 Author(s)
Gabor, D. ; Department of Electrical Engineering, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, England, and Physiology Department, Middlesex Hospital Medical School, London, England ; Nelson, C.V.

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By means of the vector calculus, it is proved that the magnitude, orientation, and location of the resultant dipole of a system of sources and sinks inside a finite volume conductor is given by an integration over the bounding surface. The method is applied to finding the ``heart vector,'' or the resultant dipole moment of the human heart. The theory was checked in two‐ and three‐dimensional electrolytic tank models of the human thorax.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 4 )