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Starting Currents in the Backward‐Wave Oscillator

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1 Author(s)
Walker, L.R. ; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey

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The starting current of a simple model of the backward-wave oscillator described by Kompfner and Williams has been calculated. The effect of space charge is included. The starting current I0 may be written in the form

I0=
 4V0 
 Z0 
 a0(4QC) 
 2πN 
3
, where V0 is the beam voltage, Z0 is the impedance of the circuit, N is the length of the oscillator in wave-lengths measured on the circuit and a0(4QC) is a dimensionless quantity which has been evaluated as a function of the space-charge parameter 4QC.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1953

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