Skip to Main Content
Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link:http://dx.doi.org/+10.1063/1.1721132
The velocity and attenuation of ultrasonic waves are measured as a function of temperature in specimens of a Buna‐N vulcanizate swollen to various degrees with methyl ethyl ketone. The frequencies are 2, 5, and 10 megacycles. The experimental method consists of determining the insertion loss and the time delay due to insertion of a flat sample in the liquid acoustic medium of a pulse‐reflection apparatus; an improved technique of observation, in which phase delay as well as envelope delay is examined, leads to more precise time data than previous applications of the method. As solvent content of the specimen increases, the position of the maximum of attenuation with respect to temperature moves to lower temperatures, and the height of the attenuation peak is reduced. It is shown that the height of the attenuation peak, when corrections are made for temperature effects according to the mechanisms of rubberlike elasticity, is proportional to the mass of polymer per unit volume in the swollen specimen; moreover, the temperature of maximum attenuation is a linear function of the ratio, for the swollen specimen, of mass of solvent to mass of polymer. The latter finding indicates, if the concept of energy of activation is applicable, that the reduction of activation energy is proportional to the number of solvent molecules associated with each polymeric ``chain segment.'' The paper contains auxiliary data on dimensional and volumetric aspects of swelling and swelling rate.