By Topic

Historical introduction to EMF health effects

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
S. P. A. Bren ; Madigan Army Med. Center, Tacoma, WA, USA

The history is traced from the knowledge of the ancient Greeks, through the effects of "static electricity" in the eighteenth century, to the nineteenth century which saw rapid developments in electrotechnology and also in medical uses of electricity and magnetism. Through the nineteenth century, attention began to shift from the applications of static electricity to those of galvanic current. The beginning of the twentieth century marked a period of intense interest of physiologists into the modes of interaction of RF energy with biological systems. Public controversy arose over the issue of microwave oven safety. Finally other questions of cancer in relation to ELF bioeffects and power-frequency magnetic and electric fields are addressed

Published in:

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )