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Induced Fibration of Suspensions

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1 Author(s)
Winslow, W.M. ; Wheatridge, Colorado

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This paper describes some of the phenomena found to have their origin in electrically induced fibration of small particles in fluid liquid suspension. Particular attention is given to induced shear resistances found in layers of the fluid (0.01 to 0.15 cm) when bounded by potentialized electrode surfaces. Ingredients and manner of compounding concentrated fluids capable of reversible shear resistance up to several hundred grams per cm2 are described. Dynamic induced shear resistance or the corresponding induced bulk viscosity are shown to be a parabolic function of field strength wherein parameters dependent on surface conditions of the particles are involved. Various properties of these fluids are discussed with regard to the mechanism of induced fibration, its application in slip clutches and other hydraulic devices, and some of the factors for best results. Consideration is given to the analogous magnetically induced fibration of ferromagnetic particles in fluid suspension. It is found that the observed values of induced shear resistance approximate those predictable from the well‐known formulas for tractive force in both the electric and magnetic cases. Mention is also made of fluid suspensions of ferrite powders which respond to both electric and magnetic fields.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 1949

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