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An FDTD near- to far-zone transformation for scatterers buried in stratified grounds

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3 Author(s)
Demarest, K. ; Radar Syst. & Remote Sensing Lab., Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS, USA ; Huang, Z. ; Plumb, R.

The finite-difference time-domain (EDTD) technique is being used with increasing frequency for modeling the scattering characteristics of buried objects. The FDTD has, for some time, been able to model the near-zone scattered fields of buried objects due to near-zone sources. This is adequate for modeling the scattered returns of ground-based ground-penetrating radar, but not for airborne radar. This paper describes an FDTD-compatible technique whereby far-zone scattered fields of objects buried in a stratified ground can be calculated. This technique uses the equivalence principle to model a buried object in terms of equivalent electric and magnetic currents. The fields radiated by these currents in the presence of a stratified ground are then calculated using the reciprocity theorem and the well-known field equations for plane waves in a stratified media. Numerical results are presented that show excellent agreement between this technique and both analytical and numerical results

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 8 )