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Knowledge-based interpretation of MR brain images

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3 Author(s)
Sonka, M. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Iowa Univ., Iowa City, IA, USA ; Tadikonda, Satish K. ; Collins, Steve M.

The authors have developed a method for fully automated segmentation and labeling of 17 neuroanatomic structures such as thalamus, caudate nucleus, ventricular system, etc. in magnetic resonance (MR) brain images. The authors' method is based on a hypothesize-and-verify principle and uses a genetic algorithm (GA) optimization technique to generate and evaluate image interpretation hypotheses in a feedback loop. The authors' method was trained in 20 individual T1-weighted MR images. Observer-defined contours of neuroanatomic structures were used as a priori knowledge. The method's performance was validated in eight MR images by comparison to observer-defined independent standards. The GA-based image interpretation method correctly interpreted neuroanatomic structures in all images from the test set. Computer-identified and observer-defined neuroanatomic structure areas correlated very well (r=0.99, y=0,95x-2.1). Border positioning errors were small, with a root mean square (rms) border positioning error of 1.5±0.6 pixels. The authors' GA-based image interpretation method represents a novel approach to image interpretation and has been shown to produce accurate labeling of neuroanatomic structures in a set of MR brain images

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1996

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