By Topic

Study of the free‐burning high‐intensity argon arc

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Hsu, K.C. ; Heat Transfer Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 ; Etemadi, K. ; Pfender, E.

Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link: 

Although the high‐intensity, free‐burning argon arc has been the object of many studies, modeling of the entire arc has been precluded because of complexities due to the interaction of electric, magnetic, fluid dynamic, and thermal effects, and the associated lack of realistic boundary conditions, in particular, close to the cathode. For establishing the most crucial boundary condition, which is the current density in the vicinity of the cathode, the maximum current density has been determined experimentally by measuring the size of the molten cathode tip (thoriated tungsten) for a given arc current. Calculated temperature profiles for a 100‐ and 200‐ A atmospheric pressure argon arc (electrode gap of 1 cm) are in good agreement with spectrometric measurements based on absolute line and continuum intensities. The arc current and arc current distribution are not only responsible for the temperature distribution in the arc, but also for the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) pumping action in the cathode region, i.e., the arc behavior is mainly controlled by the current. In contrast to the sensitivity of the current density boundary condition on the results, the calculations show that variations of the boundary condition for the flow field are insignificant.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 3 )