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Slow metastable atomic hydrogen beam by optical pumping

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1 Author(s)
Harvey, K.C. ; National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D. C. 20234

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A beam source of atomic hydrogen is described which produces metastable atoms in the 2S1/2 state by optical pumping. A beam flux of 1016 atoms/s is generated in the ground state. The atoms in the beam pass in front of a lamp producing Lyman‐β (1026 Å) radiation, where some of them are excited to the 3P level and cascade with a branching ratio of 12% to the 2S1/2 state. The number of metastable atoms produced is measured by quenching them with an electric field and detecting the emitted Lyman‐α (1216 Å) radiation. Beams of 106 metastable atoms/s were obtained. Using the Bethe‐Lamb theory for the quenching process, a metastable beam effective temperature of 100 K was measured.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 1982

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