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Summary of a 1 MJ Conduction-Cooled LTS Pulse Coil Developed for 1 MW, 1 s UPS-SMES

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10 Author(s)
Mito, T. ; Nat. Inst. for Fusion Sci., Toki, Japan ; Chikaraishi, H. ; Kawagoe, A. ; Maekawa, R.
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The development study of a 1 MJ conduction-cooled low temperature superconducting (LTS) pulse coil used for a 1 MW, 1 s UPS-SMES is summarized. We have developed a conduction-cooled LTS pulse coil as a key technology for the UPS-SMES. The AC loss reduction and the high stability are required for the SC conductor for a LTS pulse coil because of a limited cooling capacity of 4 K cryocooler. The conductor of a NbTi/Cu compacted strand cable extruded with an aluminum was designed to have the anisotropic AC loss properties to minimize the coupling loss. The coil was wound, utilizing a specially developed automatic winding machine which enables an innovative twist-winding method. The Dyneema FRP (DFRP) spacers and the Litz wires (braided wires of insulated copper strands) were inserted in each layer in order to enhance the heat transfer in the coil windings. The coil was installed in the test cryostat and was connected to three GM cryocoolers, which have a total cooling capacity of 4.5 W at 4 K and 240 W at 50 K. The coil was cooled conductively without liquid helium by attaching the end of the Litz wires directly to the cold heads of the cryocoolers. The cooling and excitation test of the 1 MJ coil has been done successfully. The test results validated the high performance of the conduction-cooled LTS pulse coil, because the high thermal diffusivity resulted in the rapid temperature stabilization in the coil.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )