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In order to meet the needs of economical and stable power supply and high current density cable with compact size, several countries carry out researches on high temperature superconducting (HTS) cables. Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) established the HTS cable test center and installed 22.9 kV, 1250 A, 50 MVA, 100 m class HTS cable system to investigate the performances and application possibility in real power grids. The HTS cable system went through seven cool down and warm-up cycles and also many kinds of performance tests for 3 years. Rated voltage-current tests, over voltage tests, and measurements of heat loss and AC loss with various currents have been examined. Moreover, DC critical current tests were performed for checking conductor degradation before warming up or after cooling down. Through the performance tests of the HTS cable system, the overall efficiency and loss factors are estimated and compared with conventional power cables in this paper. We conclude the present status of HTS cable system and application possibility in the real power grid.