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Mobile robot for automatic installation of floor tiles

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3 Author(s)
Apostolopoulos, D. ; Robotics Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Schempf, H. ; West, J.

This paper describes the configuration of a floor-tile installation robot for commercial buildings. The research is motivated by the need to reduce the installation time and cost while guaranteeing consistent quality. An autonomous, electrically-powered mobile robot with omnidirectional locomotive capability, and stereo cameras and light-striper for sensing has been developed. High resolution imaging is needed to identify tile seams and edges, assess the quality of automatic installation, and locate where the next tile should be placed. A mechanically compliant placement device would place the tile quickly and accurately without damaging the placed and surrounding tiles, emulating a human capability. Vinyl/ceramic tiles, adhesives, and grout are carried onboard the robot and replenished by the operator. Navigation and positioning are performed through a laser-based triangulation system, and by detecting, counting and dead-reckoning off of tiles placed on the floor. Tile and installation quality are continuously monitored and errors corrected for, based on an overall layout map

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 1996. Proceedings., 1996 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

22-28 Apr 1996