By Topic

Cramer-Rao lower bound and EM algorithm for envelope-based SNR estimation of nonconstant modulus constellations

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Gappmair, W. ; Inst. of Commun. Networks & Satellite Commun., Graz Univ. of Technol., Graz ; López-Valcarce, R. ; Mosquera, C.

Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimation for linearly modulated signals is addressed in this letter, focusing on envelope-based estimators, which are robust to carrier offsets and phase jitter, and on the challenging case of nonconstant modulus constellations. For comparison purposes, the true Cramer-Rao lower bound is numerically evaluated, obtaining an analytical expression in closed form for the asymptotic case of high SNR values, which quantifies the performance loss with respect to coherent estimation. As the maximum-likelihood algorithm is too complex for practical implementation, an expectation-maximization (EM) approach is proposed, achieving a good tradeoff between complexity and performance for medium-to-high SNRs. Finally, a hybrid scheme based on EM and moments-based estimates is suggested, which performs close to the theoretical limit over a wide SNR range.

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 6 )