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The Influence of Axial-Magnetic-Field Distribution on the Initial Expansion Process in Triggered Vacuum Arc

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6 Author(s)
Zongqian Shi ; State Key Lab. of Electr. Insulation & Power Equip., Xi''an Jiaotong Univ., Xi''an, China ; Shenli Jia ; Hong Dong ; Zhigang Liu
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In this paper, the initial expansion process after trigger of vacuum arc was investigated experimentally with two typical axial-magnetic-field (AMF) distributions, i.e., bell-shaped AMF generated by traditional cup-shaped AMF electrodes and saddle-shaped AMF generated by specially designed coil-type AMF electrodes. The motion of cathode spots (CSs) in the initial expansion process was investigated by high-speed digital camera with exposure time of 2 mus. Experimental results indicated that CSs expanded faster under saddle-shaped AMF than under bell-shaped AMF at 5 (rms), 10, 15, and 20 kA. Furthermore, the motion of CSs slowed down between 15 and 20 kA in the case of bell-shaped AMF, whereas CSs tended to quicken up with the increase of arc current under saddle-shaped AMF. Based on the images of CSs, it was proposed that, besides direct influence of AMF on the retrograde motion of CSs, the concentration of CSs at relatively high current and strong central AMF could also inhibit the outward motion in the initial expansion process.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 8 )