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Thermodynamic investigations of solid‐state Si‐metal interactions. II. General analysis of Si‐metal binary systems

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2 Author(s)
Gong, S.F. ; Department of Physics and Measurement Technology, University of Linköping, S‐581 83 Linköping, Sweden ; Hentzell, H.T.G.

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Silicides, amorphous alloys, and metal‐induced crystallization of amorphous Si are commonly encountered in solid‐state reactions between Si and metals. In order to investigate the possible correlations between these phenomena, a thermodynamic analysis was made on various binary systems consisting of Si and metals. It was revealed that (1) the capability of forming silicides between Si and a transition metal results from the largely negative heat of mixing in a certain medium composition range of the two elements; (2) amorphous Si‐metal alloys may form not only in the systems which form silicides, but also in some systems which do not form stable silicides; and (3) the phenomenon of metal‐induced crystallization of amorphous Si occurs in a Si‐rich composition range of a binary system, which is attributed to the lowering of Si—Si bonding energy, owing to the incorporation of metal species. A model describing the phenomenon is developed.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:68 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 1990

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