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Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers

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3 Author(s)
Ruddy, V. ; School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland ; MacCraith, B.D. ; Murphy, J.A.

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Evanescent wave absorption in an aqueous dye solution has been performed using multimode fused silica fiber which was unclad at the sensing region. Evanescent absorbance values for methylene blue in a concentration range 3×10-8 to 5×10-6 M are reported. In order to produce modes close to cutoff in the sensing region, tunneling modes were launched into the clad fiber. Spatial filtering was used to restrict the light launched to those modes which have substantial power in their evanescent field in the unclad region. The measured evanescent absorbance of the dye solution was found to vary linearly with the exposed core length and to exhibit a square root dependence on concentration. The former effect is predicted from standard theory while the latter is attributed to adsorption on the core surface which obeys a Debye–Huckel‐type concentration dependence. In addition, a concentration enhancement of two orders of magnitude was observed due to this surface adsorption. While this effect limits the use of the technique for a reversible sensor it may be exploited in disposable probes.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:67 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

May 1990

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