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Criteria for optimal implementation of the volume holographic interconnections utilizing photorefractive materials are presented. To study the photorefractive recording mechanism which yields optimal implementation of the volume holographic interconnections, analytic solutions of the steady‐state space‐charge fields in photorefractive crystals are derived for small laser intensity at large modulation depth. Numerical solutions for the photorefractive crystal BSO are obtained without the assumption of small laser intensity, and they are compared with the analytic solutions. The data regions which can be applied to optimize the volume holographic interconnections are obtained.