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High-spatial resolution resistivity mapping of large-area YBCO films by a near-field millimeter-wave microscope

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3 Author(s)
Golosovsky, Michael ; Racah Inst. of Phys., Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, Israel ; Galkin, A. ; Davidov, Dan

We demonstrate a new millimeter-wave technique for the resistivity mapping of large-area conducting films, namely, a near-field resistivity microscope. The microscope is based on the idea that electromagnetic waves are transmitted through a narrow resonant slit with high efficiency. By scanning this slit at fixed height above an inhomogeneous conducting surface and measuring the intensity and phase of the reflected wave, the resistivity of this surface may be determined with a 10-100 μm spatial resolution using 80-GHz radiation. Using this technique, we map normal-state resistivity of 1 in ×1 in YBCO films at ambient temperature. In some films we find inhomogeneities of the normal-state sheet resistance of the order of 10%-20%

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 7 )