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Spin‐polarized 3He nuclear targets and metastable 4He atoms by optical pumping with a tunable, Nd:YAP laser

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8 Author(s)
Bohler, C.L. ; Laboratory for Atomic and Molecular Physics, University of Missouri‐Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65401 ; Schearer, L.D. ; Leduc, M. ; Nacher, P.J.
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Several Nd:YAP lasers were constructed which could be broadly tuned in the 1083‐nm region which includes the helium 23S‐23P transition, using a Lyot filter and thin, uncoated etalons within the laser cavity. 1 W of power could be extracted at 1083 nm through a 1% transmitting output coupler. This laser beam was used to optically pump metastable 4He and 3He 23S helium atoms in a weak discharge cell, spin polarizing the metastable ensemble. In a 3He cell the polarization is transferred to the nuclear spin system. A 3He target cell at 0.3 Torr was polarized to 52% in a few minutes. We describe the application of this system to the design of polarized targets for experiments in nuclear physics.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:63 ,  Issue: 8 )