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Design considerations for CMOS digital circuits with improved hot-carrier reliability

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1 Author(s)
Leblebici, Y. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Istanbul Tech. Univ., Turkey

The hot-carrier induced degradation of the transient circuit performance in CMOS digital circuit structures is investigated and modeled. Delay-time degradation as a result of transistor aging, as opposed to current degradation, is devised as a more realistic measure of long-term circuit reliability. It is shown that for a wide class of circuits, the performance degradation due to dynamic hot-carrier effects can be expressed as a function of the nMOS and pMOS transistor channel widths, and the output load capacitance. In addition, the influence of the parasitic gate-drain overlap capacitance and the resulting drain voltage overshoot upon aging characteristics is investigated. The degradation of tapered (scaled) inverter chains is modeled, and a simple design guideline based on the scaling factor (F) and the transistor aspect ratio (τ) is presented for the improvement of long-term reliability in scaled buffer structures with respect to hot-carrier induced device aging. Also, a number of simple design rules based on device geometry, circuit topology and power supply voltage are presented to ensure hot-carrier reliability

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 7 )